Schools: Getting RSE right for your pupils
Relationships Education in primary schools and Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) in secondary schools will be compulsory for all schools from September 2020. It’s vital that you ensure the teaching is appropriate for the pupils in your school.
This guide is for schools whose cohort includes parents who hold faith and/or traditional family values.
This guide is also for leaders of faith schools and non-faith schools with children whose parents hold faith and/or traditional family values.
- UK law upholds the right of parents to guide the education of their children as fundamental and protected
- This is particularly true of educational content which has a moral character; schools should not undermine the manner in which parents seek to bring up their children
- Schools should respect the manner in which parents seek to raise their children in accordance with their own religious or philosophical convictions
What schools need to know
The Law, also known as “Regulations”, dictates that pupils must learn about:
- safety in forming and maintaining relationships,
- the characteristics of healthy relationships, and
- how relationships may affect physical and mental health and well-being.
The education must be appropriate, having regard to the age and religious background of the pupils.
The Department for Education (DfE) has published Statutory Guidance recommending what should be studied within RSE.
The DfE’s Guidance clearly states that the teaching of RSE must be done in an age appropriate and developmentally appropriate way and must have regard for the religious background of the pupils and their families.
Therefore, schools can select what they teach from the DfE Guidance and justify their selection regarding age and faith.
There is no requirement to teach sex education in primary school.
Schools must clearly signpost how parents can opt out of sex education in secondary school for their child up to 3 terms before the pupil is 16 years of age.
Download the DfE Guidelines
- Schools are obliged to inform parents of their plans for teaching RSE including providing samples of schemes of work and resources
- Parents have a legal right to be informed about what is being taught
- Parents’ opinions should be taken into consideration
Safeguarding concerns have been raised about a number of RSE resources being used in schools this year.
Local authorities have withdrawn some RSE resources due to possible legal action.
For a list of resources to watch out for, visit RSE Review:
The Role of the School
- Faith schools must create and publish a robust RSE Policy taking into account the school’s ethos, cohort and age appropriation.
The Statutory Guidance states that:
“Schools must have regard to the guidance, and where they depart from those parts of the guidance which state that they should (or should not) do something they will need to have good reasons for doing so.”
Therefore, schools can justifiably make a strong case regarding their choice of topics taking their stakeholders into account, as long as they fulfil their legal requirements as stated above.
Non-Faith schools must create and publish a robust RSE Policy taking into account the school’s ethos, stakeholders and age appropriation as well as paying due regard to the sensitivities of individual pupils and their families who hold faith and traditional family values.
- Schools should consider appropriate and sensitive ways of RSE teaching, including size of groups and teacher capability.
- Schools should consider their cohort realistically and plan for the individual as well as for year-groups. For example, some pupils will have full access to the internet and need to be educated accordingly whilst some will have limited, or in some cases, negligible access to the internet and also need to be educated accordingly.
- Schools must also fulfil their equalities duty but also note that it is up to the discretion of the school as to whether they teach about same-sex parents: schools are only obliged, under the Public Sector Equality Duty, to do so if/when there is a same-sex family in a particular class and then the duty only stretches to that class, not the entire school. This also applies to pupils, parents and teachers in the school. Schools must consult and inform parents regarding RSE including sharing resources.
- Schools must inform parents:
✓ what pupils will be learning in RSE and when
✓ how the school promotes diversity and equality
✓ at what age RSE is taught and why you think this is age-appropriate
✓ in secondary schools, how parents can opt out of sex education for their child if they wish to
- Schools must prepare children for modern Britain and need to show how the school’s RSE Policy does this whilst retaining the ethos of their school.
- Schools are also obliged to teach Fundamental British Values but it is important to note that Fundamental British Values are taken from the “Prevent” guidance where there is no mention of protected characteristics therein.
NB: If Ofsted downgrades a school because they are not teaching Protected Characteristics as part of Fundamental British Values, Ofsted is extending its own remit by their own definition of how to fulfil Fundamental British Values.
Find teaching resources for Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) lessons
Finally, some important points
- There is no obligation for any school to “teach” the Equality Act 2010.
- Nick Gibb, Minister for School Standards explained during the Parliamentary Question Period on 25 June 2019, that primary schools are not required to teach LGBT elements.1
- It is up to the discretion of the school as to whether they teach about same-sex parents: they are only obliged, under the Public Sector Equality Duty, to do so if/when there is a same-sex family in a particular class and then the duty only stretches to that class, not the entire school. This also applies to pupils, parents and teachers in the school.
Download the full document
Retaining Values in RSE: A Guide for Schools